Patrick Christie, Ph.D.

Professor, School of Marine and Environmental Affairs

Professor, Jackson School of International Studies

Research areas

Patrick Christie has led various comparative, socio-ecological research projects in the U.S., Philippines, Indonesia and Latin America to inform the practice of marine resource management. He is particularly interested in the human dimensions of marine conservation employing marine protected areas, ecosystem-based management, and conservation fishing technologies—research that resulted in a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation. He regularly provides technical advice on the human dimensions of marine conservation to the UN Food and Agricultural Organization, World Bank, USAID, and various other governmental and non-governmental environmental organizations. In addition to his scholarship, he is actively engaged in marine protected area design and implementation. Recently he was involved in an NCEAS working group that provided guidance to the Palauan government on the implementation of a large, new MPA. He is jointly appointed in the Jackson School of International Studies. Dr. Christie received his Ph.D. in Natural Resources and Environment from the University of Michigan.

In February 2016, he and others organized a meeting of 125 conservation leaders, social scientists and donors to consider the human dimensions of large-scale marine protected areas. This resulted in a Framework for the inclusion of human dimension consideration in research and implementation of large-scale marine protected areas. This effort has also resulted in an informal community of practice in this realm, a workbook for practitioners, and various peer reviewed publications—including journal articles and a journal theme issue (see below). A recently published paper on the human dimensions of large marine protected areas is available here.

In December 2016, Dr. Christie and others co-hosted a workshop with the Tulalip Tribes to explore the human dimensions for coastal squeeze in the Puget Sound region and potential of tribally-led estuary restoration projects. In Winter 2017, Dr. Christie and Francesca Hillery (Public Affairs Manager, Tulalip Tribes) taught a course titled Finding common ground in a world of environmental change, in which students developed a strategic communications strategy for the Tulalip Tribes and a digital story about their experience. Dr Christie also led a course in 2018 with the Indigenous leader, Winona LaDuke, on tribal rights and methods for growing hemp as means of sustainable agriculture and post-petroleum economic activity.

Dr. Christie is increasingly focused on understanding Indigenous-led environmental recovery in the Salish Sea and the Upper Great Lakes Region, petroleum pipeline-resistance movements, and climate change social movements. Dr. Christie recently has been involved in research, organizing, and digital storytelling to raise critical questions about how society engages in marine conservation and restoration efforts and whether these efforts are inclusive of diverse perspectives. He is leading a project that uses digital storytelling methods to engage Tulalip youth and UW students to explain tribal rights and leadership in Salish Sea recovery.

Dr. Christie teaches:

  • SMEA/JSIS/ENVIR 433: Environmental Degradation in the Tropics
  • SMEA 502: Decision Making and Action Taking in Marine Affairs
  • SMEA 509: Integrated Coastal Management
  • SMEA/JSIS/ENVIR 103: Society and the Oceans
  • SMEA 550: Political Ecology and Environmental Justice

Selected publications

Christie, P., N.J. Bennett, N.J. Gray, T.‘A. Wilhelm, N. Lewis, J. Parks, N.C. Ban, R. Gruby, L. Gordon, J. Day, S. Taei, A.M Friedlander. 2017. Why people matter in ocean governance: Incorporating human dimensions into large-scale marine protected areas. Marine Policy 84: 273-284.

Bennett, N., L. Teh, Y. Ota, P. Christie, A. Ayers, J.C. Day, P. Frank, D. Gill, R. Gruby, J.N. Kittinger, J. Z. Koehn, N. Lewis, J. Parks, M. Vierroso, T.S. Whitty, T.’A. Wilhelm, K. Wright, J. Aburto, E. Finkbeiner, C. Gaymer, H. Govan, N. Gray, R. M. Jarvis, M. Kaplan-Hallama, T. Satterfield. 2017. An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation. Marine Policy 81: 411–418.

Patrick Christie, Diana M Pietri, Todd C Stevenson, Richard Pollnac, Maurice Knight and Alan T White. 2016 Improving human and environmental conditions through the Coral Triangle Initiative: progress and challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. pp. 169-181 DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2016.03.002

Aswani, S., P.J Mumby, A.C. Baker, P. Christie, L J. McCook, R.S Steneck, R.H Richmond. 2015 Scientific frontiers for the management of coral reefs. Frontiers in Marine Science. Volume 2: Article 50. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00050

Christie, P, RP Pollnac, T. Stevenson, D. Pietri. 2014. Learning Project Final Report: Lessons Learned from the US Coral Triangle Initiative Support Program. Submitted to USAID and WWF.

Hoelting, K, B. Moore, R. Pollnac and P. Christie. 2014. Collaboration within the Puget Sound marine and nearshore science network. Coastal Management 42:332–354

Sale, P, F., Tundi Agardy, C.H. Ainsworth, B. E. Feist, J.D. Bell, P. Christie. O. Hoegh-Guldberg, P.J. Mumby, D.A. Feary , M.I. Saunders,  T.M. Daw, S.J. Foale, P.S. Levin, K.C. Lindeman, K. Lorenzen, R.S. Pomeroy, E.H. Allison, R.H. Bradbury, J. Corrin, A.J. Edwards, D.O. Obura,, Y.J. Sadovy de Mitcheson, M.A. Samoilys, C.R.C. Sheppard. 2014. Transforming management of tropical coastal seas to cope with challenges of the 21st century. Marine Pollution Bulletin 85: 8–23

Combest-Friedman, C., P. Christie, E. Miles. 2012. Climate variability and coastal household perceptions of change in the Central Philippines. Journal of Environmental Management 112: 137-48.

Glaser, M., P. Christie, K. Diele, L. Dsikowitzky, S. Ferse, I. Nordhaus, A. Schlüter, K. Schwerdtner Mañez, C. Wild. 2012. Beyond status: Sustainability-enhancing processes in tropical coastal and marine social-ecological systems. Invited contribution to Special issue of Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (COSUST) 4:300-308.

Christie, P. 2011. Creating space for interdisciplinary marine and coastal research: Five dilemmas and suggested resolutions. Environmental Conservation 38 (2): 172–186.

Pollnac, R., P. Christie, J.E. Cinner, T. Dalton, T.M. Daw, G.E. Forrester, N.A. J. Graham, T.R. McClanahan. 2010. Marine reserves as linked social–ecological systems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) 107(43): 18262–18265.

Visit Dr. Christie’s Google Scholar page